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World Hypertension Day 2017: How to Control Blood Pressure and Avoid Side Effects?

World Health Organisation has been vocal about the massive life-threatening risk among the humanity called hypertension or blood pressure in common parlance.

Raised or High Blood Pressure occurs when the blood vessels persistently raise pressure on heart as it has to pump blood back to all parts of the body. Figures show that 8 million people die of it every year and it may affect 60% of the world population.

Nevertheless, it has some add-ons such as augmented heart diseases, pregnancy complications, diabetes, and dementia. However, it is preventable, say heart specialists on the occasion of the World Hypertension Day, May 17, 2017.

Unless proved by doctors, high blood pressure has no glaring symptoms and acts like a silent killer. By the time it is detected usually some damage has been done already to key target organs like eye, brain, heart, or kidney.

Symptoms are often deceptive but awareness of the following conditions may be handy to consult a doctor for a check up of BP:

Daytime drowsiness
Renal disease (piles)
Sounds in stomach or Abdominal bruit
Decreased femoral pulses
Weight gain, hirsutism, amenorrhea
Palpitations, tachycardia and pheochromocytoma
Loss of hair and bradycardia or slow heart rate
Drop in Weight, palpitations, tremor and tachycardia
Kidney stones (hyperparathyroidism)
Enlarged hands, feet, and tongue (acromegaly)

Moreover, those with diabetes, high cholesterol level and obesity or with family history of hypertension should check their BP regularly with a physician. Generally people over 40 years of age should have their BP checked as often as possible, advise doctors. Even the doctor should check BP regularly for all the patients.

WHO says that half the people with untreated hypertension die of heart disease due to poor blood flow and another third die because of stroke. Uncontrolled high blood pressure may also affect one’s ability to think or affect their memory making them forget things often.


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