Migraine Research Foundation describes migraine to be not a mere headache, but a tremendous weakening compilation of “neurological symptoms,” which generally involves a harsh repetitive pulsating “pain from one side of the head.” It is ranked in the top 20 most inactivating diseases globally.
A new study has now discovered that witnessing domestic violence at home or exposure to physical or sexual violence can put a child at increased risk of developing migraine in adulthood almost by 60 percent.
Canadian researchers from University of Toronto, Sarah Brennenstuhl and Esme Fuller discovered in the research that there is a connection between seeing parental domestic violence and migraines.
The study disclosed that exposure to domestic violence elevated the prevalence in women more than men with 64 percent and 52 percent, respectively. The odds stood much higher than other reasons like anxiety, history of depression or even facing physical or sexual violence in childhood.
The research team examined the samples of 12,638 women and 10,358 men aged 18 or over, provided by 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey, for the study.
They discovered that the individuals who faced all three types of adversities at home – childhood physical or sexual violence and parental domestic violence, showed a more prevalence of migraine than other factors responsible for the disease.
The research team hasn’t yet learnt a cause behind the connection between exposure to domestic violence and migraine. Nevertheless, they anticipate that it might be due to stress that occurs from both being a victim of physical or sexual violence to watching domestic violence.
The study, published in the journal Headache, is essentially echoing similar findings in previous studies carried out by Suat Kucukgoncu and published in the April 2014 edition of Journal of Psychosomatic Research, and Dawn Buse published in the November 2012 edition of Journal of Neurology, respectively.
Kucukgoncu’s research showed elevated rates of childhood abuse among patients who had migraine and also that the span of migraine attack increased with more childhood abuse.
As per the World Health Organization, 35 percent of women around the world have experienced domestic violence either from close partner or non-partner sexual violence, in their lives.
Domestic Abuse Shelter also states that 4,000 women die in the United States annually due to domestic violence.