With a growth rate of 1.6%, India’s population currently stands at 127,42,39,769 or 1.27 billion as of Saturday, July 11 and compared to China’s population at 1.39 billion, with expectations that it would surpass China with 1.63 billion by 2050.
Calculated as of 5 PM on the World Population Day based Indian fertility rate, it was estimated that the number of Indians has reached a whopping 127,42,39,769, that is 17.25 percent of the total global population, said Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh or National Population Stabilisation Fund (NPSF), which is an independent body under the Union Health Ministry.
Union Health Minister JP Nadda released the figures and said the NGOs are development partners of the government in achiving population stabilization and said, “According to data from NPSF, the total fertility rate (TFR) in India has seen a decline and stood at 2.3 in 2013 although the decline is not consistent.”
Currently, marriageable age is playing a significant role in TFR bringing down the fertility rate as higher the marriageable age, lower the births. The states where the marriageable age is below 18, have been seeing more birth rate, especially in the states like Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Bihar. These three states have a high percentage of females in the range of 21 to 26 percent giving births.
According to the 2011 census, India’s population stood at 1.21 billion and in the last 4 years, it has added 6 crore, which is showing a decline but to reach a lower average birth rate, it may take another half a century.
Currently, India’s population is equivalent to the combined population of USA, Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan put together. Just Uttar Pradesh’s population is equivalent to that of Brazil, which is fifth populous nation in the world.
J P Nadda also mooted the idea of taking up the task of population stabilisation in the country by adopting a Mission Mode approach, where focussed and targeted work in taken up in those states where the figures have been high.
The Health Minister said the issue of population can be seen through two lenses — One is to view it as an issue and the other is to consider the large proportion of the young population as an asset and harness its dividend. The country’s current population at 1.21 billion continues to pose several challenges, especially regarding delivery of affordable, accessible and quality services to the numerous people, he stated.
He however, also applauded the fact that population has shown a decline since 2011 and the country is very close to achieving the replacement level fertility rate of 2.1 by the year 2010. Nadda stated that the achievements of NHM towards population stabilisation have been significant, and strategies to stabilise population are critical to development for any country.
Both J P Nadda and health minister of state Shripad Yesso Naik participated in the Walkathon at India Gate earlier in the day.