The world is all set to welcome the New Year. While we move ahead to another year, here is a wrap up of ten important events that gained attention in 2014:
- Russian Military Intervention in Ukraine
The Crimea crisis has taken over media reports in the current year. After the Crimean crisis of 2014, the dispute over the control over Crimean Peninsula between Russia and Ukraine still continues. Ukrainian Parliament has declared Crimea as a territory temporarily occupied by Russia on April 15, 2014. About 97 per cent of voters in Crimea chose to secede from Ukraine in the referendum. The Crimean Parliament declared independence from Ukraine, eventually signing a treaty of accession with Russia. 100 countries voted in favour, 11 voted against, and 58 abstain.
- Malaysian Airline Missing
A scheduled international passenger flight Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, which carried about 240 passengers from 15 nations, disappeared while flying from Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia to Beijing Capital International Airport, in March. The largest and most expensive search in aviation history for the missing flight still continues. In July, it lost its second flight MH17 over Ukrainian air shot down by rebels and on Dec. 28 lost the third AirAsia flight, which went missing.
- Facebook Buys Whatsapp for 19 Billion Dollars
It turned out to be the massive acquisition of social networking site Facebook ever, when it bought the messaging app whatsapp for 19 billion dollar in February. Used by 450 million people, CEO Mark Zuckerberg mentioned services by whatsapp as “incredibly valuable.
- Israel-Gaza Conflict
The ongoing violence between Israel and Gaza began with the kidnap and murder of three Israeli teenagers in June. The responsibility for their abduction was place over Hamas. The incident paved the way for chain of attacks and resulted in massive death of tens of thousands of people. Israel has invaded Gaza in July, declaring it would target and destroy the tunnels Hamas had built from Gaza into Israel. At present, Israel and Hamas negotiates a long-term ceasefire in Cairo.
- ISIS Seized Regions
The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and al-Qaeda split in February. The terrorist group, ISIS, rose on Syria and Iraq rapidly, aiming to create an Islamic state across Sunni areas of Iraq and in Syria. It has control over hundreds of square miles and ignores international borders with their presence all the way from Syria’s Mediterranean coast to south of Baghdad. The group used Twitter and Youtube to communicate with the world, which has also showed their activities including the brutal murder of people. There were airstrikes launched against ISIS by US and Arab allies in September.
- Abduction of Nigerian Girls
The Christians in northern Nigeria became victims of the militant Islamist group “Boko Haram” which aims to establish an Islamic state. The shocking incident of abduction of 200 Christian teenage girls in Nigeria took place in November, from a secondary school. The abducted girls were kept in radical religious leaders’ homes and were forced to convert to Islam. Many churches have been attacked, which resulted in the death of many.
- South Korea Ferry Disaster
The South Korean Ferry named MV Seoul sank on April while carrying 476 people, mostly secondary school students, from Incheon to Jeju. About 300 deaths were reported in the incident, which brought out widespread social and political reaction within South Korea. The captain and the crew had failed to carry out proper emergency procedures during the tragic incident. Though rescue measures were underway using dozens of ships and helicopters, nine were still missing.
- Ebola Virus Outbreak
The largest and most complex outbreak of the deadly disease, Ebola, was first reported in West Africa. The disease has spread between countries and cases are being reported still. There were several deaths and the most severely affected countries seem to be Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. WHO has declared the outbreak of Ebola virus as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in August.
- Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi win Nobel Peace Prize
Malala Yousafzaiof Pakistan and Kailash Satyarthi of India has won the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize 2014 in November for risking their lives to fight for children’s rights. 17-year-old Malala has become the youngest person to achieve the prestigious award. The nobel laureates were awarded the prize of USD 1.1 million on December 10, in Oslo.
10. Peshawar School Attack by Taliban
After the Delhi Gang rape on December 16 in 2012, the day remains to be a day of shock and pain with the brutal attack on Army Public School at Peshawar in Pakistan by Taliban that led to the death of 132 children and nine staff members. There were seven terrorists and all of them were killed by the Pak army on the same day. The responsibility for the attack has been taken by spokesperson of Tehrik-i-Taliban (TTP) Mohammad Omar Khorasani, stating the attack as a revenge for Operation Zarb-e-Azb, thePakistani army’s offensive in North Waziristan began in summer 2014.