Born on October 2, 1869, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) in then princely state of Porbandar to Karamchand Gandhi, who was the diwan (chief minister) of Porbander state and Putlibai as the youngest son. He had had 2 brothers and 1 sister.
Gandhi was married off in May 1883, when he was 13 years to 14-year-old Kasturbai Makhanji. Recalling the marriage, he once said, “As we didn’t know much about marriage, for us it meant only wearing new clothes, eating sweets and playing with relatives.” They had four sons — Harilal, born in 1888; Manilal, born in 1892; Ramdas, born in 1897; and Devdas, born in 1900.
He studied law in London and returned to practice as a lawyer but failed apparently to cross-examine witnesses. In 1893, he joined Dada Abdulla & Co., an Indian firm’s and was posted in the Colony of Natal, South Africa, which was part of the British Empire.
He was a legal representative for the Muslim Indian Traders based in the city of Pretoria and spent 21 years in South Africa, where he developed his political views, ethics and political leadership skills as he faced discrimination as Coloured citizens in South African Apartheid system. It was here he refined his leadership skills and fine-tuned his methods and teachings to lead India’s freedom struggle from 1916 to 1948, till his death. Here are some key events captured in photos (Courtesy: Gandhi Foundation):