Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Team India should focus on agriculture fund among other major issues at the Climate Change Conference (COP)-21 in Paris tomorrow, November 30, 2015, while solar and wind energies may naturally figure prominently in their agenda of green house gas (GHG) emissions, said experts.
India’s stand on climate change responsibility has been "Equity and Common but differentiated responsibility and respective capabilities," as Minister Prakash Javadekar repeatedly said ahead of the summit.
"What we are asking for is absolutely fair and the developed world must recognize that they have to atone for the historical carbon emissions that they have been putting out in the atmosphere for over 150 years in their search for prosperity," he noted.
Participating in a show on DD Kisan, Javadekar recently said India has voluntarily submitted the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to slash carbon emissions by 33-35 percent over 15 years, besides emphasizing its own sustainable development agenda.
While other points remained the same, agriculture, per se, should not take the centre-stage in climate change agenda, insist agriculture experts. As IARI (Indian Agricultural Research Institute) Climate Change scientist Dr Naresh Kumar Soora puts it in an exclusive to us, India should seek agriculture to be spared from the climate change purview in view of the subsistence of two-third of the mankind’s dependence on food security.
India’s stand on agriculture, therefore, should take a three-pronged approach — transfer of green technology by the developed countries to the developing nations, sharing of agriculture knowledge base and timely intervention by the governments.
As Dr Soora said, "For these, a Green Agriculture Fund as part of the Green Fund should be set up and a consortium of countries for exchange of green technologies should be formed," since many other developing nations are keen on food security.
The 21st United Nations Conference of the Parties (COP21) on Monday in Paris will see 150 heads of states strive to reach consensus on a single agreement on tackling climate change to cap the rate of global warming at 2 degrees Celsius from the current 2.5 to 3.76 degrees Celsius.
NASA report last year said the global carbon emissions recorded with China on the top as the biggest polluter, followed by the US, the European Union, India, Russia and Japan, despite the 1997 Kyoto Protocol and 2009 Copenhagen Summit resolution. The proposed Green Fund to be set up with $100 billion to reach their emission targets by 2020, however, remained a non-starter still.
India has been arguing that the polluter should pay and that the developed countries must bear responsibility for the Green Fund.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi being received on his arrival at Paris to attend COP21 Summit, in France on November 29, 2015.(PIB Photo)