India Upbeat After Testing 3,000 km Range Agni III N-Missile

India on Thursday successfully test-fired its nuclear-capable Agni-III ballistic missile, with a range of over 3,000 km, covering China and Pakistan in terms of strategic vicinity and target range.

The surface-to-surface missile was fired from the Inner Wheeler Island off the coast of Dhamra in Bhadrak district, Odisha about 200 km from Bhubaneshwar.

“It was a user trial. The test was successful,” test range director M.V.K.V. Prasad told IANS.

Agni-III is capable of carrying warheads weighing up to 1.5 tonnes. It is 16 metres in length and weighs 48 tonnes. The missile has a 2-stage solid propellant system and re-entry capability at a very high velocity.

Agni-III is highly mobile that it can be moved from place to place for launch anywhere in India.

India’s Nuclear deterrence envisages a triad of nuclear counter-strike capability which required a long range missile to provide robust second strike capability.

A missile system that can be dispersed far and wide in the Indian mainland, its far flung islands or its blue water naval assets made India develop the nuclear-capable Agni-III missile, with a heavier payload and a longer range but compact — thicker but shorter.

Hence Agni III to answer the need for a compact missile that can also carry ABM counter-measure payloads along with weapons, in a configuration similar to a MIRV, albeit with state-of-the-art decoys.



Type Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
Place of origin India India
Service history
In service Active[1]
Used by Strategic Forces Command
Production history
Manufacturer Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO),
Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL)
Unit cost INR250 million (US$4 million) – INR350 million(US$5 million)[2]
Weight 22,000 kg (Operational Version)[3]
Length 17 m[4]
Diameter 2.0 m[4]
Warhead Strategic nuclear (15 to 250 kt) (2000 to 2500 kg), conventional, thermobaric

Engine Two stage solid propellant engine
3,500 km – 5,000 km[5]
Flight altitude > 450 km[6]
Speed 5–6 km/s [7]
Ring Laser Gyro- INS (Inertial Navigation System), optionally augmented by GPS, terminal guidance with possible radar scene correlation
Accuracy 40 m
8 × 8 TELAR (Transporter erector launcher) Rail Mobile Launcher


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