India Health Sees Longevity But Poor in HealthCare: Global Study

Besides BP and diabetes, air pollution and water pollution were major triggers to deaths in India, said a global study for 2013 conducted by Delhi-based Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) in collaboration with IHME  and University of Washington.

It listed high blood pressure, diabetes and household air pollution from solid fuels were the top three causes of deaths of an estimated 7.8 percent, 5.2 percent and 4.7 percent of the total deaths respectively in 2013.

Dr. K. Srinath Reddy, President of the Delhi-based Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) and a coauthor of the study, said metabolic risk factors that include high blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol, along with unhealthy dietary habits and smoking are major causes for about 5.2 million premature deaths in India every year.

About 3.3 million premature deaths in 2013 were attributed to first three factors, said the study which also looked at 79 risk factors in 188 countries and published the report in the journal “Lancet”.

High BP is the number one risk factor for both men and women in India. In urban areas, only 40 to 50 percent of people are aware of it while only 50 percent of those aware of their condition are on treatment, and only 50 percent of people on treatment have the condition adequately controlled, revealed Dr. Srinath Reddy.

“Failure of early detection and treatment of high blood pressure and diabetes is a failure of the public health system. You can’t expect everyone to go to tertiary healthcare to get diagnosed. Our national programme on non-communicable diseases is low profile, low on resources and inadequately implemented,” Dr. Reddy said.

“People in India are living longer, but healthy life expectancy has increased more slowly and a complex mix of fatal and nonfatal ailments cause a tremendous amount of health loss,” said the paper which studied 306 diseases and injuries in 188 countries.

In India, life expectancy increased by 6.9 years for men between 1990 and 2013 and 10.3 years for women in the same period. But healthy life expectancy increased by less: men gained 6.4 years and women gained 8.9 years. Life expectancy for women in India still outpaces that of men, 68.5 years compared to 64.2 years.

Leading causes of deaths in India for both sexes, 2013
1 Ischemic heart disease
2 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
3 Lower respiratory infections
4 Tuberculosis
5 Neonatal preterm birth complications
6 Neonatal encephalopathy
7 Diarrheal diseases
8 Cerebrovascular disease
9 Road injuries
10 Low back & neck pain.

Leading causes of deaths in India for males, 2013
1 Ischemic heart disease
2 Tuberculosis
3 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
4 Neonatal encephalopathy
5 Neonatal preterm birth complications
6 Road injuries
7 Lower respiratory infections
8 Cerebrovascular disease
9 Diarrheal diseases
10 Self-harm

Leading causes of deaths in India for females, 2013
1 Ischemic heart disease
2 Lower respiratory infections
3 Diarrheal diseases
4 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
5 Neonatal preterm birth complications
6 Neonatal encephalopathy
7 Tuberculosis
8 Cerebrovascular disease
9 Iron-deficiency anemia
10 Depressive disorders.

One comment

  1. The authorities should encourage proper diet so that diabetes and obesity can be avoided.

    As long as their is no clamp down on junk food, these problems would continue. I have personally suffered from obesity due to such junk food and finally lost 22 pounds with the diet of wje diabetes and got rid of a lot of healthy problems which were caused due to it. Google for “wje diabetes” to find the diet which I used.

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